From the age of six, proper development of children's jaw bones can be encouraged by early assessment and correction of any growth discrepancy, to align the teeth without the need for extraction. Similar treatment is also regularly carried out on adults of any age. This may also lead to relief of some head and neck pain, including migraine and clicking joints.
Many people have crowded or crooked teeth. Total orthodontic treatment will straighten the teeth or move them into a better position. This can not only improve their appearance but also the way the teeth bite together, while also making them easier to clean. When the teeth don’t meet correctly, this can put strain on the muscles of the jaw, causing jaw and joint problems and in some cases headaches. Orthodontic treatment can help you to bite more evenly and reduce the strain. Orthodontic treatment can be done by many sorts of appliances, which most people know as ‘braces’.
Success depends on a partnership between the skills of the orthodontist, and the enthusiasm and help of patient and parents. It is important to attend regularly and carry out any instructions given by the orthodontist. The success of the treatment also depends on the commitment of the patient. For children’s orthodontic treatment it is very important that the patient is as keen as the parent. When treatment is finished the teeth need to be held in position for a time. This period is called retention, and the appliances that hold the teeth in place are called retainers. The retainers hold newly straightened teeth in position while the surrounding gum and bone settles. The retainers can be removable or fixed depending on the original problem.